Ohio requires a license to become a private investigator. They are issued by the Private Investigators & Security Services (PISGS) of the Ohio Department of Public Safety. These are the steps you need to take to obtain a license and seek employment as a private investigator in Ohio:
|Meet Ohio Requirements to Obtain a License|
|Obtain the Necessary Education and Training in Ohio|
|Submit your Ohio Application|
|Take the Ohio Examination|
|Start Work as a Private Investigator in Ohio|
In Ohio, a private investigator is defined as anyone who engages in the private investigation business. Such a business is defined as conducting for hire any of the following types of investigations:
- Investigations relevant to any wrong done or threat of crime
- To obtain information on the identity, conduct, habits, affiliations, whereabouts, transactions, credibility, reputation, or character of a person
- To locate and recover stolen or lost property
- To determine responsibility or cause of any slander or libel, fire, damage to property, or accident
- To secure evidence that is used in any administration, legislative, or administrative investigation or proceeding
Step 1. Meet Ohio Requirements to Obtain a License
You must meet the following qualifications to obtain the Class B license necessary to work as a private investigator in Ohio:
- Have a good reputation for integrity
- Not have been convicted of any of the following crimes of moral turpitude
- A sexually oriented offense
- Aggravated murder
- Violence that is a felony of the 1st or 2nd degree
- Not have been convicted within the past three years
- Felony that would affect your ability to work as a PI
- Not have been found incompetent to hold such a license
It may be possible to get a waiver from the Director if you have committed a felony within the past three years that is not a crime of moral turpitude or a disqualifying offense that would directly affect your work as a private investigator.
Step 2. Obtain the Necessary Education and Training in Ohio
To get a Class B license, the state of Ohio requires that you have two years of experience (minimum of 4000 hours) working in investigatory work. This requirement can be waived if you have equivalent experience such as working as a military policeman, law enforcement officer, or peace officer.
If you get formal training in criminal justice, such as obtaining an associate’s or bachelor’s degree, this can count for half of your experience requirement. You can obtain criminal justice degrees from schools within Ohio or from online schools that offer this training. You will need to prove that you have obtained such a degree.
Armed PI Training – You will need to learn the basics of firearms training at a school that has been approved by the Ohio Peace Officer Training Commission and prove that you successfully completed the program. This entails 20 hours of training in using a handgun. If you plan on using other types of firearms, you will need 5 hours of additional training.
Step 3. Submit your Ohio Application
When you submit your application, you will also have to provide the following:
- Photograph (recent full-face)
- Character references (from at least 5 reputable citizens)
- Examination fee of $25
- License fee of up to $375 (refundable if you don’t get a license)
- Fingerprints for a criminal background check—submitted directly to the Superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation
- Proof of liability insurance of at least
- $100,000 for each investigator
- $300,000 for each occurrence of bodily injury
- $100,000 for property damage
Forms are available on the state’s website for the PISGS. If you want to carry a firearm in the line of work, you will need to notify the Director.
Step 4. Take the Ohio Examination
After you have submitted your application for your license, you will be notified when and where to go to take your written examination. Unless you prove illness by a doctor’s certificate, you will have to appear on this date. The only exception is if you can prove that it would cause you undue hardship.
The exam will cover the state’s regulations for the private investigation business in Chapter 4749 of the state’s revised code, along with other aspects of working as a private investigator. You will have to score 80% on this 75 question multiple exam to pass it.
Step 5. Start Work as a Private Investigator in Ohio
After you have passed your exam and received your license, you will be ready to work as a licensed private investigator. You will need to keep detailed records in English of your business transactions that are relevant to the enforcement of Revised Code Chapter 4749. You will need to make these records to the Department of Public Safety if they seek to examine them.
You may want to join the Ohio Association of Security & Investigation Services to keep up with what is going on in your field and to network with fellow private investigators.
PI licenses must be renewed yearly. The fee for this is $275.